James K. Trefil


Business Phone: 804.697.1864
Business Fax: 804.697.1339



James K. Trefil is a Counsel in the Troutman Sanders’ Consumer Financial Services practice, with a primary focus on Financial Services Litigation. His practice includes the representation of clients in federal and state court, both at the trial and appellate level, with a focus on areas of complex litigation, financial services litigation and consumer litigation. James has represented clients within these areas in a wide variety of litigation matters involving class actions, contracts, torts, and federal and state consumer protection laws.

James has experience in all phases of complex litigation, including serving as lead trial counsel in federal and state court, where he has secured both jury verdicts and defense judgments for his clients. He has also served as counsel in successful appeals before the Supreme Court of Delaware and the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.

Before joining the firm, James was a litigation partner in the Washington-based firm of Hogan & Hartson LLP (now Hogan Lovells), where his practice included securities and intellectual property litigation, employment defense and non-competition litigation, as well as general commercial and business litigation. While at Hogan, James also served as court-appointed custody and visitation dispute mediator for the Superior Court of the District of Columbia.

James has also served as Special Counsel for the Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight with regard to a regulatory enforcement action against Freddie Mac, and as Special Counsel working on behalf of the Claims Administrator for the Court’s Settlement Program arising from the BP/Deepwater Horizon oil spill Multi-District Litigation.

Representative Matters

  • Counsel for major pharmaceutical corporation in securities class action litigation, where he successfully defended against the plaintiff’s appeal in oral argument before the Delaware Supreme Court.
  • Counsel for a number of universities, law schools and medical schools in the metropolitan Washington, D.C. area, successfully defending them against employment discrimination litigation arising from the tenure review process.
  • Counsel for a number of technology corporations in employment-related litigation arising from non-competition covenants.
  • Counsel for a number of clients in administrative matters relating to intellectual property issues before the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN).
  • Counsel for a major pharmaceutical corporation in action seeking preliminary injunctive relief arising from competitor’s unfair competition and trade practices with respect to the marketing and distribution of thyroid medication.
  • Counsel for a major electronics manufacturer in preliminary injunction proceedings relating to unfair competition and breach of non-compete provisions in distributorship agreements.
  • Counsel for a major medical products manufacturer in trade secret litigation.

Publications and Speaking Engagements

Professional and Community Involvement

  • Virginia State Bar
  • District of Columbia Bar
  • Board of Directors, Embrace Richmond

Professional Experience

  • Counsel, Troutman Sanders LLP, 2019-present
  • Senior Staff Attorney, Troutman Sanders LLP, 2016-2018
  • Special Counsel, BrownGreer PLC, 2010-2016
  • Director of Operations, CARITAS Works, 2008-2009
  • Special Counsel, Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight, 2004-2006
  • Partner, Hogan & Hartson LLP, 2001-2004
  • Associate, Hogan & Hartson LLP, 1993-2001



  • University of Virginia, J.D., 1993
  • University of Virginia, M.A., 1987
  • Princeton University, A.B., 1985

Bar Admissions

  • Virginia