Patrick J. Fanning


Business Phone: 804.697.1363
Business Fax: 804.697.1339


Patrick Fanning is an associate in the firm’s Environmental and Natural Resources practice. His practice covers a variety of matters arising under the Clean Water Act and other environmental statutes. He has experience representing local governments and public water, wastewater, and stormwater utilities, regularly advising them on permitting, planning, compliance, and enforcement. Much of Patrick’s work is in the Chesapeake Bay watershed, where he assists clients with Chesapeake Bay TMDL compliance strategies, including nutrient credit trading. Patrick also maintains active legislative advocacy and litigation practices.

Patrick is committed to executing firm strategic initiatives focused on environmental markets, sustainability, coal, energy, water, and compliance assurance.

In addition to serving clients at Troutman Sanders, Patrick maintains an active pro bono practice which includes work with the Legal Aid Justice Center’s Housing Law program. He also enjoys serving as a Board Member for Friends of the James River Park.

Representative Matters

Environmental Litigation

  • Defended state NPDES Permit reissuance for municipal discharger in State Court.
  • Represented client interests in TMDL litigation in Federal District Court.

Regulatory Experience

  • Counsel for multiple state-wide wastewater and stormwater trade associations including regulatory and legislative advising.
  • Counsel for state nutrient water quality trading association.
  • Drafted public comments regarding Virginia’s triennial review of water quality standards.
  • Drafted public comments regarding Virginia’s expansion of water quality trading.
  • Advised solid waste management client in expansion effort.

Publications and Speaking Engagements

  • Presenter, “Key Updates on Water Quality and Quantity Regulation in Virginia,” Virginia Water Environment Association, 33rd Annual Waste & Pretreatment Conference, March 7, 2017.
  • Co-author, "Water Quality Trading: Setting the Record Straight," Natural Resources & Environment, Winter 2017.
  • Author, “The Case for Water Quality Trading,” National Water Quality Trading Alliance, July 27, 2016.
  • Co-author, “Citizen ‘Suit Yourself’: New (and Very Real) Water Compliance Challenges for Coal Power Utilities,” Proceedings of the Thirty-Sixth Annual Energy & Mineral Law Institute, 2016.
  • Co-author, “Why the New Local Stormwater Role Matters to MS4 Permittees,” Local Government Attorneys of Virginia Handbook, 2014 LGA Fall Conference.

Professional and Community Involvement

  • Capital Region Land Conservancy, Associate Board Member, 2017-present
  • Virginia State Bar Environmental Section Board of Governors, 2015-2016
  • National Association of Clean Water Administrators
  • Richmond Bar Association, Environmental & Energy Law Section – Executive Committee Member
  • Virginia Bar Association
  • Virginia State Bar
  • Virginia Water Environment Association
  • Water Environment Federation
  • West Virginia State Bar

Rankings and Recognition

  • Named to Virginia Business magazine's Legal Elite in Environmental Law (2016).

Professional Experience

  • Associate, Troutman Sanders LLP, 2015-present
  • Associate, AquaLaw PLC, 2013-2015
  • Summer Associate, Woods Rogers PLC, 2012
  • Summer Associate, Steptoe & Johnson PLLC, 2011, 2012



  • University of Richmond, J.D., cum laude, 2013
    University of Richmond Journal of Law & Technology, Articles Editor 
    Moot Court, Board Member
    Merhige Center for Environmental Studies, Legal Fellow
  • University of Virginia, B.A., 2009

Bar Admissions

  • Virginia
  • West Virginia